SAP IDoc technology
SAP IDoc technology is used in ALE, EDI, and third-party systems.
For some of my readers, this may be a journey back in time, but for some
new developers, I hope to give you the tools you need to understand
and demystify the IDoc concept. Also … for you old dogs, see it as
Take corrective action and step in with comments and suggestions. Let us begin !.
What is IDocs?
Evidence You may have heard the term IDoc many times. This blog will help you
understand what an IDoc is and what it is used for.
Let’s look at some key facts about IDocs.
– The term IDoc means intermediate document. It’s just a fact
Container for exchanging information between two processes that use
You can understand the semantics of the data.
– An IDoc is generated as a result of the execution of an outgoing ALE or EDI process.
whereas with an incoming ALE or EDI process, an IDoc is used as input for
creating an application object in SAP, e. B. a sell order or a buy order.
IDocs in the SAP system is stored in database tables. We can use
process, edit, and process. When an IDoc is generated in
THE SYSTEM WILL BE DISTRIBUTED THROUGH A UNIQUE RANGE OF NUMBERS.
This number is unique to a customer.
The IDoc interface
How are IDocs used? What is EDI? ENGLISH BEER? Here I could reveal my age….
but the IDoc interface has existed since version 2.2 when IDocs existed
originally used in the EDI process. So this is a proven and scalable technology
used in a variety of interface requirements.
EDI Integration (Electronic Data Interchange)
EDI is the electronic exchange of business documents between retailers.
Partner in a common industry-standard format such as ANSI X12 or
MEDIFAST. Several applications (purchasing, sales, or shipping) are in SAP
enabled for EDI. An application to use EDI? First, create an app
Document, as an order. Then the EDI interface layer becomes
the requisition document (the purchase order) in an IDoc that
streams an EDI or PI subsystem with an EDI plug-in. The EDI
Middleware translates the IDoc into an industry-standard format and then
You to a business partner over a network.
ALE integration (activation of application links)
ALE enables data exchange between two SAP systems. This is what SAP makes possible
Business processes and applications have to be distributed across several SAPs.
Systems. ALE ensures integration into a distributed SAP environment. The IDoc
acts as a data container. SAP started ALE as an initiative to support a started
Distributed but the integrated environment. ALE enables efficient and reliably
Communication between distributed processes through physically separated
SAP systems to achieve a distributed but integrated logical SAP system.
Since the ALE architecture is system-independent, this is the case
that enabled SAP to use this technology for SAP on non-SAP systems. these
were huge in ALE’s early years, which resulted in it being called a
“Best Practices” for communication with SAP and non-SAP systems.
Handling exceptions through workflow
Dealing with exceptions is always very important and usually a second thought.
in most designs. If you have developed sophisticated applications in the past,
YOU can refer to the agony of developing a single offline agent
Log errors and exceptions across the board and then develop tools
show this information.
Well, IDocs give you complete information about the processing.
Several standard tools are available for viewing logged information. On
In particular, SAP uses workflow technology to intelligently forward errors.
to the right person so they can see what happened, why and how
Continue. Automatically benefits from the use of the IDoc interface
in this exception handling process. This applies to both the standard and yours
Custom IDocs. No additional code is required.
Modification and improvement of IDoc
The use of standard tools that we will discuss in later blogs (the IDOC editor and
Segment Editor) YOU can expand standard SAP IDocs or create new ones
IDoc on the system to support user-defined interfaces. You’re newly developed
IDocs are seamlessly integrated into the standard EDI interface because
developed with the standard tools provided by the system. IDocs developed in
In this way, they are available in the standard SAP IDoc list and can
Advantage of all tools designed for standard IDocs such as IDoc
Monitoring, error handling, and archiving. We will talk about each one in detail.
one of them later.
In short, the IDoc acts as a container for data exchange between two
Applications. The IDoc interface has many functions and offers
Environment for the SAP interface with SAP, as well as with
Applications. Use of the IDoc interface to integrate external applications
does the SAP system offer several advantages? ts how thoroughly
documented interface, application product independence, number
Test and troubleshooting tools as well as sophisticated error functions
Management through workflow
Site URL https://itpfed.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/IDocs-A-Guide-for-New-Developers.pdf